“I find myself opposed to the view of knowledge as a passive copy of reality.“ – Jean Piaget
How do we learn things? The answers to this age-old question have been examined and analyzed by many scientists. There are plenty of prominent theories explaining cognitive development and helping us to understand the foundation of knowledge.
One of the most prominent answers to the question has come from a Swiss psychologist, Jean Piget. What is Piaget's theory of cognitive development? Let's examine the theory and its core concepts, before analyzing its applications and the critique the theory has received.
PIAGET AND HIS THEORY IN A NUTSHELL
Let's start by introducing Jean Piaget, the theory's founding father, together with the core idea of his theory.
Who was Jean Piaget?
Jean Piaget was a psychologist, who became famous for creating his scientific theory about the intellectual development of children. He was born in Switzerland in 1896, showing an interest towards nature and science from an early age. When he was just 10 years old, he published a scientific paper about albino sparrow in a naturalist magazine. Piaget gained his Ph.D. in natural history at the age of 22 at the University of Neuchatel, after which he gained formal training in psychology.
Piaget spent some time studying with Carl Jung and during this time, he met with Theodore Simon, who had been a collaborating with Alfred Binet. Simon offered Piaget a role, which led to Piaget developing an interest in the cognitive development of children. The role saw him supervise the standardization of an intelligence test developed by Binet and Simon. While working, Piaget observed children and concluded that children are not less intelligent than adults, but the difference is how they think and view things.
Piaget's interest in cognitive development of children was further increased by his ...read more