Jul 232017
 

By Martin

How to Create an Effective Peer Review System

When you're a member of an organization or a similar setup, evaluations are, for lack of a better description, a way of life. You'd be subjected to close scrutiny by your supervisors and colleagues. If you're in customer service, you are also bound to be rated at some point by the customers you actually served. Even if you went up the ranks and became a manager, you will still be vulnerable to assessment by your subordinates.

You can never get away from having your work performance reviewed and evaluated. It's embedded in company policies, after all, it's part of the organization's human resources management and merit promotion systems.

From the point of view of top management, there is no way that they can put their focus solely on monitoring the performance of the employees. While it is true that employee performance is a very important factor in their decision-making, it is not THE ONLY factor.

It is for this reason that management makes use of other avenues and techniques in monitoring and evaluating employee performance. One of the most frequently used methods is to set up peer review systems.

PEER REVIEW SYSTEM – WHAT IT IS AND HOW IT WORKS

When we say “peer review”, we're talking about employees being assessed by their colleagues – or their peers – in terms of their performance, strengths and weaknesses, and other work-related aspects.

You've probably heard it used by authors and writers before, when they have their articles, research papers and other material for publication subjected to review by other authors and writers. Their work will be critiqued, suggestions will be made, and they may be incorporated into the piece before it goes out for final printing.

That's basically the same principle at work here. A peer review system formalizes the conduct of these type of review in the ...read more

Source:: How to Create an Effective Peer Review System

Jul 232017
 

By Martin

The Role of Interpersonal Intelligence for Career Progress

Have you ever worked for one of those people who seem to have a natural inner glow that somehow seems to attract other people? Wasn't it nice to work with such a person?

Such a person has a way of keeping everyone well motivated and happy to work. As a result, the desired outcome is achieved faster and the quality of the finished products or the delivered services is higher.

Would you not like to be this person?

To put things into perspective, let's compare the above scenario with working with a controlling and ever demanding boss. You'll find that most of the time, you hate yourself every morning when you have to leave for work. When at work, you will not be sure about yourself in most of the tasks because you are not sure if your results will be perfect enough for the boss.

The difference between these two scenarios is different levels of interpersonal intelligence and that is what we will discuss today. However, before we go into details of what interpersonal intelligence is and how it can help your career, let's take a step back and look at the multiple intelligence theory.

THE MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE THEORY

This is a theory by a Harvard psychologist that was originally developed in 1983. It has so far been revised to cover more elements. The theory states that there are at least eight different ways that human beings understand the world. These different ways are the intelligences that Gardner talks about in his multiple intelligence theory.

Gardner focused on a number of these intelligences, but his list is still not exhaustive. Here are the main intelligences in the theory:

Jul 232017
 

By Martin

Why Employers Care About Your Intelligence Quotient

When it comes to hiring employees or workers, all employers agree on one thing: they should hire the best. This is why a lot of thought and planning go into designing recruitment and hiring processes, so that, at the end, they will be choosing the best and the right person for the job.

But “best”, in this case, can be highly subjective. A lot of factors go into the consideration of what constitutes the “best” person for the job or position. What is best for one company may not be the same for another company or organization.

Further, Company A may have a set of criteria or qualifications that is different from that of Company B, especially if the position they are trying to fill is highly technical or requires specific skills.

Specific skills and technical aspects aside, however, there are traits or characteristics that are looked for by employers in their potential hires. In this article, we will talk about one of them: intelligence. After all, which employer would say no to having an intelligent employee?

THE INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT

Just to set things up properly, let us go over what we know about intelligence so far. We know that it refers to our ability or capacity to acquire and apply knowledge and skills. The most common alternative phrases and words used include brain power, mental capacity, logic and reasoning, and judgment, to name a few.

If there is one way to measure human intelligence using a systematic scoring system, it would be through subjecting a person to a series of tests. The resulting numerical score obtained from that test is the intelligence quotient, more popularly known as “IQ”.

German psychologist and philosopher William Stern coined the term “intelligence quotient” to refer to a scoring method he formulated for intelligence tests conducted at the University of Wroclaw. ...read more

Source:: Why Employers Care About Your Intelligence Quotient

Jul 122017
 

By Cleverism Community

How Temperament Type Can Influence Your Career

Hannah looks at Justin, her colleague, and sighs.

“Wish I were as flexible, task-oriented, and self-confident as he is,” she thinks. Hannah spends time trying to boost productivity and take no offense at critical remarks from her boss. She pours heart and soul into personal development, but it's such energy-sucking that seems impossible.

Why is it so challenging to become like Justin, an easy-going critical thinker and fair-headed boy of all top managers? It doesn't need to be so hard.

The problem is, Hannah doesn't take personal peculiarities into consideration when trying to work better. Dreamy melancholic, she forgets about strong sides of this temperament type to use for career development and wants to become Justin, an extroverted sanguine, instead.

It's depressing. It's disappointing. And needless to say, Hannah fails to achieve this.

Don't be Hannah. You don't have to get over yourself to succeed at work. Consider the strengths of your character and make them work for the benefit of your career.

In this article, we'll 1) define core temperament types, 2) find out how they influence our career choice, and 3) learn their strengths and weaknesses to use for efficient work and career development.

TEMPERAMENT TYPES

Four fundamental personality types exist, and they are as follows:

  • Sanguine (enthusiastic, active, and social)
  • Choleric (short-tempered, fast, and irritable)
  • Melancholic (analytical, wise, and quiet)
  • Phlegmatic (relaxed and peaceful)

This classification comes from Hippocrates who believed the concept of humorism and incorporated those four temperaments into four bodily fluids (“humors”) affecting human behaviors and personality traits. He insisted that mood and emotions depended on an excess or lack of those fluids in people's bodies.

Later, medical researcher Galen described four temperaments as the classification of hot/cold and dry/wet qualities from four elements. Looking for physiological reasons of human behaviors, he considered ...read more

Source:: How Temperament Type Can Influence Your Career

Jun 282017
 

By Martin

Types of Intelligence and How to Find The One You Are Best In

Being referred to or described as “intelligent” is probably one of the best compliments you can hope for. Certainly, people with high levels of intelligence are accorded a lot of respect and admiration. Basically, they are viewed as a cut above the rest.

But there are downsides to that, too, since being described as intelligent can be quite restricting and, at the same time, put a lot of pressure on you. You are expected to be excellent or outstanding at everything, and your smallest mistake will be picked on and criticized.

This mostly stems from the fact that people, in general, have a single perception on what intelligence is. For most people, being intelligent is perceived as having a lot of useful (and sometimes non-useful) knowledge and skills, and being able to apply such knowledge and skills.

That's not wrong, mind you. In fact, it is one of the several accurate definitions of intelligence circulating today. Where it goes wrong in actual application is how people believe that being knowledgeable and skilled at general and random information is a sign of being intelligent.

© Wikimedia Commons | BetsyOconnor

You see, there are several types of intelligence, and that's what we will look into in the succeeding discussion.

CATTELL-HORN'S TWO TYPES OF INTELLIGENCE

In Psychology, there are two types of intelligence, as identified by American psychologists Raymond Cattell and John Horn: fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence.

Their theory holds that an individual's overall intelligence is a result of different skills and abilities mixing and interacting together.

Fluid intelligence

Fluid intelligence is described as the “general ability to think abstractly, reason, identify patterns, solve problems, and discern relationships”. It is something that depends mainly on one's native ability, and not something that can be obtained or acquired through education, training, or even experience and exposure to various environmental factors.

This type of ...read more

Source:: Types of Intelligence and How to Find The One You Are Best In

May 192017
 

By Martin

When you hear the phrase “best business school”, the usual suspects include Harvard, Stanford and Yale. These three names often come up in conversations and debates on what the top business schools in the United States are – and even globally – are.

But you'll be surprised to find other names on the list of top ranked business schools and universities, with some of them even adjudged to be better than the three mentioned. In the following discussion, we will be taking a look at business school rankings and identify the leading universities when it comes to their business programs.

Before that, however, it would be a good idea to have a bit of a background on these rankings, and how they are formulated.

RANKING BUSINESS SCHOOLS

There are several websites, organizations and agencies that release their own rankings, using their own sets of criteria as a guideline or basis for coming up with the ranks. The most trusted “rankers” include:

Forbes

According to Forbes, their ranking is based solely on the return on investment of the graduates of the business schools in the 5 years since they completed or earned their MBA. This means they consider parameters such as average base salary, signing bonus and employment rate, among others.

They basically make a comparison of the earnings of the alumni within the 5-year period and the total compensation that they have foregone while attending business school, combined with the cost of tuition and other fees paid during the period of attendance.

Currently, Stanford University's Graduate School of Business tops Forbes' list of best business schools, followed closely by Harvard Business School and Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management.

Bloomberg Businessweek

The ranking index used by Bloomberg Businessweek is comprised of the evaluation from surveys done with employers ...read more

Source:: Business School Rankings: Factors and List of Leading Universities

Apr 182017
 

By Anastasia

Biggest Mistakes Made by Freelancers (and How to Avoid them)

For those of us who have been freelancers for a while, you can attest that it's quite easy to make mistakes that can compromise your work and relationships with your clients. With minimal accountability and no one to delegate duties to, it is very easy to ruin an entire project and ruin your reputation, rocking the boat with your client.

Chances are, if you have been freelancing for a while you have made quite a number of mistakes and if you are new to freelancing, chances are you will make yours in time. The truth is, even with a lot of guidance from the internet, ease of work due to technological advancements, and easily available information, there are errors that human beings are just prone to. As the old adage goes… Human is to Error… and mistakes are a part of our growing process.

As a freelancer, some of the mistakes you will make will be small, for example, minor typos in your text, while other bigger ones may be detrimental to your career. The bottom line is mistakes have the potential to set you back and damage your business. However, there is no reason to be too hard on yourself, mistakes will be made even in a conventional 9 to 5 job. The important thing is that you learn from each mistake in order to become a better freelancer and entrepreneur.

In order to ensure that you don't commit some of the most significant career-endangering mistakes, this article has compiled some of the biggest mistakes made by freelancers and how to avoid them yourself.

You are receiving advice from someone who has made quite a number of the mistakes we will be discussing so pay attention and by the end of this article you will be able to avoid these costly errors in ...read more

Source:: Biggest Mistakes Made by Freelancers (and How to Avoid them)

Apr 172017
 

By Anastasia

Product of Your Environment? How the Company You Keep Determines Your Growth and Success

The other day I was speaking to a friend late at night. The subject of the conversation was; what does it really take to attain success and everything you want out of life? I've known this person for close to four years now and I can honestly say he is one of the smartest and most perceptive people I have ever met… and as expected he said something profound that I've been mauling over since our conversation.

I'm fairly sure you have heard that famous John Rohn statement,

‘You are the average of the five people you spend the most time with.'

It's a statement I have heard severally but never really took into account until my friend told me that one of the most overlooked factors for achieving success is the people you choose to surround yourself with, that they play a significant role in your character, your ambitions… and ultimately how successful you will be.

Whether you realize it or not, the company you keep plays a huge role in who you are. Think about any period in your life when you were introduced to a totally new crowd, for example, when you transferred schools, or joined boarding school, or moved to a different city… Didn't you adopt the new place's slang, mannerisms, popular way of dressing, even their perceptions of various issues?

Yes it's much easier to be influenced by your environment as a kid but do not for a second assume that as a young adult or a grown up you are impervious, because I assure you that you are not.

Spend enough time in any crowd and you are bound to pick up a trait, a habit, a point of view… or two. Coupled with your own thoughts, habits, mannerisms… what you pick up from the people around you integrates to ...read more

Source:: Product of Your Environment? How the Company You Keep Determines Your Growth and Success

Apr 162017
 

By Anastasia

The Positive of Painful Experiences

What is pain? Pain is defined a mental, physical, or emotional suffering in the dictionary.

A lot of us tend to see pain as a negative experience and it is our desire to avoid pain as much as possible, and understandably so. But unfortunately, pain is an inevitable consequence of life and we have to deal with whether we like it or not. When it eventually befalls us, we should try as much as possible to turn it into a positive experience. ‘What doesn't kill you makes you stronger.' Understanding the positive aspects of experiencing pain can help us do this better.

‘Feel the pain till it hurts no more.' – Shakespeare

You may be wondering, what is so positive about pain? What is he talking about?

Well for one, there is strength that you gain from pain once it has subsided. Once the initial shock of the pain has passed you are able to see what you have learned from it and how it has made you a more resilient individual. For example, when you have fallen sick don't your eyes suddenly open up to all the blessings you have before you? Don't you suddenly realize what all the important things in life are?

That was just but an example of how pain can have a positive result. Physical pain, however, can always go away, unlike emotional/mental pain, which may linger for a lifetime if not handled correctly. One way to handle this kind of pain is to change your perspective of it. Emotional/mental pain has the capacity to wear you down because your mind controls everything that you do.

‘I think therefore I am.' – Rene Descartes

Your thoughts have the capacity to put you in a prison and incapacitate you. Although this may sound extreme, I think it is necessary ...read more

Source:: The Positive of Painful Experiences

Apr 152017
 

By Anastasia

Why Formal Education is not Synonymous to Success

Have you ever heard someone say that if they could just go back to school and get their degree they would be successful? Or if they could only get their Master's degree they would be better off?

I have heard several statements of the same effect and every time I hear such statements I always ask, ‘Why are you waiting for a piece of paper to determine your life's story?'

‘Tomorrow is my exam, but I don't care because a single sheet of paper can't decide my future.' – Thomas Edison

Sure, if you are looking for professional white-collar employment it may be necessary for you to have gone the whole nine yards in formal education and attained that degree or that Master's degree. But is this the only road to success? If you are anything like me, the answer is definite ‘No'.

Don't get me wrong, I think education is very important and I'm currently pursuing my LLB degree but that's only because I am passionate about social change and I feel that this avenue would better position me to effect the kind of change the world around me needs.

However, at the same time I refuse to believe that formal education and being an employee is the only way I can end up being a success in life. If you are anything like me, you believe in creating employment, being creative, being an entrepreneur…you appreciate freedom and you would simply make a bad employee.

The common perception that going all the way through college and getting a good payment package from a big company is getting old… This is why the unemployment level is on the rise even for graduates, everyone is just waiting around to be ‘employed', and no one is willing to create employment. This might have worked out well for Baby ...read more

Source:: Why Formal Education is not Synonymous to Success

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